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A Tête-à-Tête on Cirq – an Open-Source Framework for NISQ

The concept of quantum computing is gaining a lot of popularity due to some of its revolutionary features. Over the past few decades, quantum computing has been proliferated by leaps and bounds. Both the construction of quantum hardware and quantum algorithm have been subjected to such mammoth proliferation since the past few years. Because of the abundant availability of NISQ computers, it’s important to understand the capacity of these machines. One of the biggest problems to be faced while developing a quantum algorithm on an NSIQ processor is the plummeting knowledge on how to make the most of such quantum devices. Moreover, a few quantum processors also go through some complicated geometric constraints and several other nuances. You should not overlook such seemingly trivial nuances, as they might lead you to an unsuccessful quantum computation in near future. This is where Cirq, an open-source framework for NISQ computers comes into play.

By emphasizing over the near-term queries, Cirq can help the researchers understand if NISQ quantum computers can resolve computational issues of practical importance or not. You would be glad to know Cirq has got its license under Apache 2. Also, it is easy to be embedded or modified within any open source or commercial packages. After installation, Cirq will allow the researchers to develop quantum algorithms for some certain quantum processors. With the aid of Cirq, the users can get an impeccable grip over quantum circuits. By using native gates, they can also specify gate behaviors with a greater ease.

The users can also schedule the timing of such gates within their quantum hardware constraints. Data structures can be optimized to write as well as compile the quantum circuits for enabling the users to reap the benefits of NISQ architecture. With Cirq, it becomes a lot easier to run such algorithms locally on a stimulator. Also, it is designed to get integrated with the larger simulators through the cloud, etc.

Recently, the arrival of OpenFermion-Criq was proclaimed, which bears the testimony to a Cirq-based application that can enable the near-term algorithms. The OpenFermion refers to a platform to develop quantum algorithms for resolving different chemistry-related issues. It is an open-source library that would help in complying with quantum simulation algorithms to Cirq. The latest advancements are used by the new library to produce low depth quantum algorithms to solve quantum chemistry issues. It enables the users to go through the details of a chemical issue for running on the particular hardware,

In order to discover its full potential, the quantum computing requires a very strong academic collaboration and cross-industry. Followings are a few instances of Cirq work resulting from these adapters –

Zapata computing
QC Ware
Quantum Benchmark
Cambridge Quantam Computing

Today, the entire team of Google AI Quantum is relying on Cirq for creating circuits, which can run impeccably on the Bristlecone Processor of Google. This processor could be available in the Cloud in near future, where Cirq would be the possible interface through which users can write programs for this processor. Meanwhile, we can hope that Cirq will be able to maximize the overall productivity of NISQ algorithm everywhere.

Happy reading!

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